41 Types of Blue Birds (With Pictures & ID Guide)

Types of blue birds

Discovering the various types of blue birds is a fascinating journey through the avian world. The blue hues of these birds have captivated observers and bird enthusiasts for centuries.

From the beautiful Varied Bunting to the nimble Northern Parula, each bird species manifests unique traits and behaviors. 

This article features 41 distinct types of blue birds, showcasing the diversity and the vibrant spectrum of blues within the avian kingdom. Join us as we explore each one from North America and beyond!

41 Types of Blue Birds

1. Eastern Bluebird

Eastern Bluebird perched on a stump
Scientific Name:Sialia sialis
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:6.3–8.3 in (16–21 cm)
Weight:1.0–1.1 oz (28–32 g)
Wingspan:9.8–12.6 in (25–32 cm)
Lifespan:6–10 years

The Eastern Bluebird is native to North America and is easily spotted sitting along wires and nest boxes in rural areas. As one of the blue birds with orange chests, their serene tunes bring life to open fields and gardens. 

These birds are devoted parents, which is seen by how they meticulously feed their chicks in cozy, tree-hole nests. Eastern Bluebirds are symbolic blue birds and are popular for their friendly nature and insect-rich diet. 

Their agile flights, predominantly during dawn and dusk, exhibit their proactive hunting strategies and reflect their dynamic lifestyle.

2. Mountain Bluebird

Mountain Bluebird
Scientific Name:Sialia currucoides
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:7.1 in (18 cm)
Weight:1.1 oz (30 g)
Wingspan:13.4 in (34 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 6 years

The Mountain Bluebird also displays a distinct all-blue hue. Males have a sky-blue plumage that is slightly darker on the wings and tail with a bit of white under the tail.

They inhabit the open landscapes of the West and use a distinct hunting style as they spot insects from elevated perches. 

These birds like to be on their own, which shows how independent and adaptable they are. The female birds usually pick where to nest, often choosing natural holes or birdhouses.

3. Western Bluebird

Western Bluebird resting on a branch
Scientific Name:Sialia mexicana
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:5.5–7.1 in (14–18 cm)
Weight:0.95–1.2 oz (27–34 g)
Wingspan:12.6 in (32 cm)
Lifespan:6–7 years

Common to the western regions of North America is the Western Bluebird. This bird exhibits a plain blue tone blended with a fiery orange chest.

Preferring open woodlands, they are meticulous foragers, feeding widely on insects and fruits. 

Outside breeding seasons, Western Bluebirds can be seen forming flocks with other bird species, such as Mountain Bluebirds.

The male’s iridescent blue feathers, contrasted with the female’s grayish tones, highlight the subtle sexual dimorphism inherent among types of blue birds. 

4. Indigo Bunting

Blue Indigo Bunting
Scientific Name:Passerina cyanea
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:4.5–5.5 in (11–14 cm)
Weight:0.4–0.6 oz (12–18 g)
Wingspan:7.5–8.7 in (19–22 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 13 years

The Indigo Bunting is a tiny yet stocky bird that showcases a blue hue that is especially richer on its head. They are also identified as one of the black birds with blue heads.

These birds are mostly found in North America, dwelling in brushy habitats and weedy fields.

These migratory birds have phenomenal navigational skills and use sky patterns for guidance. During summers, male Indigo Buntings can be heard singing from the treetops and telephone wires.

Their diet usually consists of seeds, berries, and insects, and you can lure them into your bird feeders by putting a good serving of thistle or nyjer seeds.

5. Blue Jay

Blue Jay
Scientific Name:Cyanocitta cristata
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:9–12 in (22–30 cm)
Weight:2.5–3.5 oz (70–100 g)
Wingspan:13–17 in (34–43 cm)
Lifespan:7 years

The strikingly vibrant Blue Jay commonly inhabits North America’s forests. They possess a crest of blue and white feathers and a black necklace. 

These birds are resourceful foragers, predominantly consuming nuts, seeds, and insects. They particularly enjoy feeding on acorns.

Blue Jays also have an exceptional mimicking ability. They can imitate hawk calls to ward off predators or rivals.

Further, these vibrant blue birds have interesting courtship rituals, where you can see aerial chases and males bringing food to females.

6. Steller’s Jay

Blue Stellers Jay
Scientific Name:Cyanocitta stelleri
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:11–13.4 in (28–34 cm)
Weight:3.5–4.9 oz (100–140 g)
Wingspan:17 in (43 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 16 years

The Steller’s Jay is distinguished by its dark blue and black plumage. They predominantly reside in the dense forests of North America.

They are large songbirds with big heads, sturdy bodies, round wings, and lengthy and full tails. Their beaks are long, straight, strong, and slightly curved toward the end.

Further, these birds have a dynamic diet consisting of fruits, seeds, and small animals. They often forage on forest grounds.

Steller’s Jays are bold, intelligent, and curious birds that spend most of their time exploring. They have sharp calls and can even imitate other birds and animals. 

7. Cerulean Warbler

Blue Cerulean Warbler
Scientific Name:Setophaga cerulea
Conservation Status:Vulnerable
Length:4.3–4.7 in (11–12 cm)
Weight:0.3–0.4 oz (9–11 g)
Wingspan:7.5–8.7 in (19–22 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 7 years

The Cerulean Warbler is a summer inhabitant of the deciduous forests of North America. They possess a dazzling blue and white plumage.

While males are bluer on top with dark streaking on the back and blue streaking on the sides, females have a bluish-green top and yellowish wash below. Both genders also display two white wingbars.

These birds also have elaborate songs that enliven their habitats. They mainly inhabit trees and can be seen revolving around high branches.

The dwindling numbers and distinct vocalizations of Cerulean Warblers highlight the conservation needs of such unique types of blue birds in their native habitats.

8. Lazuli Bunting

Blue Lazuli Bunting
Scientific Name:Passerina amoena
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:5.5 in (14 cm)
Weight:0.5 oz (15 g)
Wingspan:8.3 in (21 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 7 years

A Lazuli Bunting has a breathtaking mix of blue, white, and orange feathers. This makes them visible as they thrive in the shrublands and meadows of North America.

Adult males have a bright blue plumage with a pumpkin chest and white belly. They also boast a white shoulder patch. On the other hand, females are prominently grayish-brown with a splash of blue on the wings and tail.

They are prominent seed eaters but also incorporate insects into their diet during the breeding season.

Their calls are high-pitched, similar to that of an Indigo Bunting, but less distinct.

9. Blue-gray Tanager

Blue gray Tanager bird
Scientific Name:Thraupis episcopus
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:6.3–6.7 in (16–17 cm)
Weight:1.3 oz (37 g)
Lifespan:Up to 10 years

Visually appealing with its soft blue and gray feathers is the Blue-gray Tanager. While immature ones have much duller plumage, adults have a brighter and more distinct coloration.

These beautiful songbirds are commonly seen in open habitats of Central and South America. They also enjoy a diverse diet, often seen consuming fruits, insects, and nectar. They also exhibit adaptive foraging behaviors.

Their sociable nature is evident in their flocking patterns since they prefer to stay in groups while foraging or migrating.

10. Florida Scrub-Jay

Blue Florida Scrub Jay
Scientific Name:Aphelocoma coerulescens
Conservation Status:Threatened
Length:9.1–11.4 in (23–29 cm)
Weight:2.5–3.1 oz (70–88 g)
Wingspan:13–13.8 in (33–35 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 11 years

The Florida Scrub-Jay is an exclusive inhabitant of Florida’s scrublands and is characterized by its blue and gray plumage.

These birds are known for their cooperative breeding. A breeding pair is typically assisted by six other birds that defend the territory and feed the young. 

They mostly feed on acorns and insects, storing acorns underground for later consumption. 

The cooperative and adaptive behaviors of Florida Scrub-Jays highlight the ecological significance of such unique types of blue birds.

11. Blue Grosbeak

Blue Grosbeak
Scientific Name:Passerina caerulea
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:5.5–7.5 in (14–19 cm)
Weight:1.1–1.5 oz (32–42 g)
Wingspan:11 in (28 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 7 years

Cloaked in a deep blue and rusty orange, the Blue Grosbeak frequents the shrubby areas of southern North America. They are slightly bigger than Indigo Buntings.

They are smart and adaptive eaters, using their large, triangular beaks to eat things like seeds, grains, and insects. These beaks also cover most of the front of these birds’ faces, from their throats to their foreheads.

Further, the male Blue Grosbeak’s melodious singing illustrates their articulate vocal expressions.

The video below showcases the song of a male Blue Grosbeak:

12. Belted Kingfisher

Blue Belted Kingfisher
Scientific Name:Megaceryle alcyon
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:11–14 in (28–35 cm)
Weight:5–6 oz (140–170 g)
Wingspan:19–23 in (48–58 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 6 years

The Belted Kingfisher is a common sight along the water bodies of North America. They are distinguished by their blue-gray plumage, stocky bodies, large heads, and striking crests. They also belong to the group of birds with white wing stripes.

Gender-wise, male Belted Kingfishers have a blue band across their white breast, while female birds have a blue and a chestnut band.

Belted Kingfishers live in places with water, like streams, rivers, and lakes. They make homes by digging holes in soft dirt banks, usually right by or above the water.

These birds are also famous for their exceptional fishing skills by diving swiftly to catch prey. They also communicate through their distinct and loud rattling calls.

13. Tree Swallow

Blue Tree Swallow
Scientific Name:Tachycineta bicolor
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:5.1–5.9 in (13–15 cm)
Weight:0.6–0.9 oz (18–25 g)
Wingspan:11.8–13.8 in (30–35 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 8 years

Gracing the skies with its iridescent blue-green back, the Tree Swallow is a familiar sight across North America. They sport long, pointed wings and short, notched tails.

They mainly feed on flying insects that they catch during their acrobatic flights. Some may pick them from water surfaces.

They also communicate and socialize through their bubbly and twittering vocalizations. Interestingly, these birds’ song consists of three parts — the chirp, the whine, and the gurgle.

14. California Scrub-Jay

Blue California Scrub Jay
Scientific Name:Aphelocoma californica
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:11.5–12.2 in (29–31 cm)
Weight:2.8–3.0 oz (80–85 g)
Wingspan:15.3 in (39 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 9 years

A California Scrub-Jay, dressed in a mix of blue and gray, is a characteristic bird of the United States’ western landscapes. They have long, floppy tails and are normally larger than Western Bluebirds. 

They are omnivorous and adept at utilizing varied food resources like fruits, seeds, and small animals. These birds are also quite known for being vocal, coupled with their inquisitive behavior.

What sets the California Scrub Jays apart from their other cousins is that they breed in isolated pairs instead of being in cooperative flocks. Pairs usually remain together throughout the year in their established territory.

15. Blue-winged Warbler

Blue winged Warbler bird
Scientific Name:Vermivora cyanoptera
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:4.3–4.7 in (11–12 cm)
Weight:0.3–0.4 oz (9–11 g)
Wingspan:6.7–7.5 in (17–19 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 5 years

The delicate Blue-winged Warbler wears a blend of olive-green and yellow color with blue-grey wings. They are also known for their small size, well-proportioned bodies, black eyelines, and sharp, pointed bills.

You can find them inhabiting the eastern forests of North America, where the males are more brightly-colored than their female counterparts.

You will usually hear the sharp, buzzing songs of these birds resonate through their habitats, especially from males who sing from visible perches during the mating season.

Blue-winged Warblers predominantly consume insects, which aids in maintaining ecological balance. 

16. Blue Mockingbird

Blue Mockingbird
Scientific Name:Melanotis caerulescens
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:9.8–11 in (25–28 cm)
Weight:1.9 oz (54 g)
Wingspan:13-14 in (33–36 cm)

A Blue Mockingbird is known not just for its melodious tunes but also for its predominantly blue plumage. These blue birds are native to Mexico and parts of Central America. 

These insectivorous birds are diligent in foraging, which contributes to the ecological balance of their habitat. They are also known to mimic the songs of over 20 species within 10 minutes.

During my expedition in Mexico, I encountered the elusive Blue Mockingbirds, which heightened my fascination with blue birds. 

I have observed that these blue birds have intricate vocalizations and prefer dense undergrowth. It also mimicked the calls of other avian species, flawlessly showcasing their versatile vocal range. 

17. Siberian Blue Robin

Siberian Blue Robin side profile
Scientific Name:Larvivora cyane
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:5.5–6.7 in (14–17 cm)
Weight:0.4–0.5 oz (11–14 g)
Wingspan:8.3–9.1 in (21–23 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 8 years

A Siberian Blue Robin exhibits captivating shades of blue and white for its plumage. They are migratory inhabitants of Asia known for their slender bodies and long legs. They are also famous for their crouching appearance.

These birds serve as natural pest controllers by feeding primarily on insects mostly found in coniferous forests with heavy undergrowth — their natural breeding habitat. During summer, they feed heavily on spiders.

Siberian Blue Robins have melodious and pleasant songs often described as clear, loud trilling. With their melodic charm, these birds stand as an Asian gem among the wide variety of blue birds.

18. Red-legged Honeycreeper

Blue Red legged Honeycreeper
Scientific Name:Cyanerpes cyaneus
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:4.7–5.1 in (12–13 cm)
Weight:0.4–0.6 oz (11–18 g)
Lifespan:Up to 7 years

The male Red-legged Honeycreepers deserves a spot in this list for its turquoise-blue plumage. On the other hand, females and non-breeding males sport a greenish color with light streaking on their chests. 

They are indigenous to the tropical regions of the Americas, including Southern Mexico, Peru, Brazil, and Cuba.

These birds love staying in forest edges, woodlands, and partially open areas with smaller trees. Here, they primarily consume nectar using their long bills. This plays a vital role in the pollination process. 

As social birds, they form flocks with other species. You may observe them in groups of 5 to 15 birds.

19. Cuban Martin

Cuban Martin up close
Image credit: hmg_ornithology / Instagram
Scientific Name:Progne cryptoleuca
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:6.7 in (17 cm)
Weight:1.3 oz (38 g)
Wingspan:17 in (43 cm)

Known for its glossy blue-black appearance, the Cuban Martin is a distinctive member of the swallow family native to Cuba and the West Indies. It’s easy to spot these birds due to their forked tails and broad wings. 

They are also communal, flocking in groups of up to 20 birds. Hence, it is easy to see the unity and coordination within this species, especially when they display their synchronized flight pattern.

Cuban Martins chiefly feed on flying insects, which displays their impressive aerial agility. 

When it comes to nesting, Cuban Martins make their nests in holes in banks and buildings or even in old woodpecker holes.

20. Blue Bunting

Blue Bunting singing
Scientific Name:Passerina caerulea
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:5.5 in (14 cm)
Weight:0.5 oz (14 g)
Wingspan:8.7 in (22 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 10 years

A Blue Bunting is a radiant bird native to Central America and Mexico. Males of this species sport a blue-black color, while females and immature birds are brownish.

In flight, these small and stocky birds appear plump, and their short, rounded tails become more highlighted.

They mainly inhabit dense vegetation, including thickets, scrubby areas, and undergrowths. They also primarily consume seeds and insects. They forage alone or in pairs. 

The vibrant, melodic calls of Blue Buntings mark their importance among the blue birds of Central America and Mexico.

21. Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Blue gray Gnatcatcher bird
Scientific Name:Polioptila caerulea
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:4.0–4.5 in (10–11 cm)
Weight:0.2 oz (5–7 g)
Wingspan:6.3 in (16 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 7 years

The Blue-gray Gnatcatcher is a widespread species in the United States that is known for its soft, blue-gray plumage, small size, slim body, long legs and tail, and thin, straight bill.

They may not be as vibrant as the other blue birds on this list, but the black “V” on their foreheads that extend above their eyes adds to their personality. 

They consume mainly insects and actively forage in trees and shrubs. They beat larger insects against a branch before being consumed.

They have a nimble and active demeanor, accompanied by their soft calls. Because of their behavior and appearance, they also earned the title “Little Mockingbirds.”

22. Blue-crowned Laughingthrush

Blue crowned Laughingthrush
Scientific Name:Garrulax courtoisi
Conservation Status:Endangered
Length:9–10 in (22–25 cm)
Weight:2.6–3.5 oz (75–100 g)
Lifespan:Up to 10 years

True to its name, the Blue-crowned Laughingthrush is highly recognized by its characteristic blue crown. They are native to China, but their distribution is limited to Wuyuan County in China’s Jiangxi Province. 

These blue birds eat invertebrates and seeds and can be seen foraging in large flocks of up to 40 individuals. Additionally, this species was partially named for their call, which sounds like human laughter.

As of today, Blue-crowned Laughingthrushes remain endangered, with a total population of approximately 200 individuals in the wild. 

23. Fairy-bluebird

Fairy bluebird on a branch
Scientific Name:Irena puella
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:9.4–10.6 in (24–27 cm)
Weight:2.3–3.1 oz (65–89 g)
Wingspan:16 in (40 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 5 years

The Fairy-bluebird sports a vibrant blue and black plumage. These birds are native to the forests of Southeast Asia and the Philippines. Feeding primarily on fruits, they aid in seed dispersal across their habitats. 

This species is sometimes called Blue-backed Fairy-bluebirds. This is because male birds have a bright blue back while female birds have a duller turquoise back.

The beautiful, harmonious calls of the Fairy-bluebird are quite distinct.

To get a glimpse of the Fairy-bluebird, watch this video:

Fairy Bluebird - Exotic Birds

24. Splendid Fairywren

Blue Splendid Fairywren
Scientific Name:Malurus splendens
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:5.3–5.7 in (13.5–14.5 cm)
Weight:0.3 oz (8 g)
Wingspan:7.5 in (19 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 6 years

Characterized by its striking bright blue and black color, the Splendid Fairywren, sometimes called the Splendid Wren or Blue Wren, is a bird species that is indigenous to Australia. 

These bluebirds mainly feed on insects. They communicate by letting out a series of high-pitched notes that blend into a wave of calls, especially during the spring and summer seasons.

Behavior-wise, these birds are quite territorial in nature. They can be found in groups of 2 to 8, mostly staying in their territory and defending it the entire year.

25. Bluethroat

Scientific Name:Luscinia svecica
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:5.5–6.7 in (14–17 cm)
Weight:0.5–1 oz (15–28 g)
Wingspan:7.9–8.7 in (20–22 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 56 years

A Bluethroat is a vibrant type of blue bird native to Europe and Asia. Their defining feature is the striking blue and orange coloring on their throats, creating a splendid display. 

They prefer a diet of insects and berries, mainly picking them up from the ground or nearby plants.

The Bluethroat’s song is quite varied and includes imitations of other birds. You may often hear males singing to secure their breeding territory or attract female birds.

26. Island Scrub-Jay

Blue Island Scrub Jay
Scientific Name:Aphelocoma insularis
Conservation Status:Near Threatened
Length:11–12 in (28–30 cm)
Weight:3.5–4.5 oz (100–128 g)
Wingspan:15 in (38 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 10 years

Exclusively found on Santa Cruz Island, the Island Scrub-Jay exhibits a brilliant blue hue mixed with a soft gray. 

They mainly consume invertebrates and acorns, which they harvest and bury and later on retrieve for them to eat. They also hunt small lizards, snakes, mice, and even the eggs and the young of smaller birds.

They are significantly larger than other Scrub-Jay species and have the smallest geographic range among other North American bird species.

The vibrant Island Scrub-Jays have sharp and clear vocalizations and are known for their good memory and intelligence.

27. Ringed Kingfisher

Blue Ringed Kingfisher
Scientific Name:Megaceryle torquata
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:16–17 in (41–43 cm)
Weight:11–13 oz (310–369 g)
Wingspan:26 in (66 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 10 years

The Ringed Kingfisher is easy to spot as they are widespread across the Americas. They showcase striking blue-gray plumage with distinctive white collars.

As their name suggests, these birds are superior when it comes to hunting fish for food. They primarily consume fish using their large, dagger-like bills to grab food from freshwater rivers and lakes.

These birds are easy to spot not just because of their loud and piercing calls that can be heard near these water bodies but also because they tend to perch out in the open. 

28. Gray-breasted Martin

Blue Gray breasted Martin bird
Scientific Name:Progne chalybea
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:7.1 in (18 cm)
Weight:1.7 oz (48 g)
Wingspan:17 in (43 cm)

A Gray-breasted Martin is a large bird that is native to Central and South America. Usually spotted on tall trees and structures where they can nest, these birds exhibit shiny blue-black upper parts and grayish breasts. 

They have forked tails and fairly wide wings. While male versions of Gray-breasted are vibrant, females are not as colorful and have lighter-toned throats; juveniles have plain brown backs.

Gray-breasted Martins consume insects, such as beetles, flies, bees, wasps, dragonflies, moths, butterflies, grasshoppers, and crickets. 

Additionally, their call is that of a “chew chew” sound, similar to their Carribean Martin cousins.

29. Red-breasted Nuthatch

Blue Red breasted Nuthatch
Scientific Name:Sitta canadensis
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:4.3 in (11 cm)
Weight:0.3–0.5 oz (10–14 g)
Wingspan:7.1–8.3 in (18–21 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 2 years

The Red-breasted Nuthatches have a slate-blue back and a distinct eye-line. They also have plump bodies, almost no necks, and short wings and tails.

These birds are prevalent in North America and can mostly be found in conifer forests, primarily feasting on conifer seeds and insects. During summer, they mainly eat spiders, which they also feed to their young.

They are also very sociable birds — not afraid of humans. They may even approach you as you stand quietly near their habitats.

Along with their high-pitched calls and nimble movements, they are definitely a lively member of the diverse community of blue birds in their region.

30. Bahama Swallow

Two Bahama Swallows facing each other
Image credit: seastrongbahamas / Instagram
Scientific Name:Tachycineta cyaneoviridis
Conservation Status:Endangered
Length:5.1–5.5 in (13–14 cm)
Weight:0.6 oz (18 g)
Wingspan:11.8 in (30 cm)

As reflected in its name, the Bahama Swallow is exclusively found in the Bahamas. These blue birds exhibit a glossy blue-black upper part and a pure white underpart. 

They mainly feed on insects and can be seen perching on wires and branches in flocks.

These birds love to nest on holes left by West Indian Woodpeckers on Carribean Pine trees, where they usually use pine needles, tree twigs, and grass to form their structures. 

Despite their agile flight patterns, their population continues to decline due to logging and housing developments.

31. Black-Throated Blue Warbler

Black Throated Blue Warbler on a branch
Scientific Name:Tachycineta cyaneoviridis
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:4.7–5.1 in (12–13 cm)
Weight:0.3–0.5 oz (9–14 g)
Wingspan:7.9 in (20 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 7 years

Known for their small size and sharp, pointed bills, the Black-Throated Blue Warbler is a common sight across North America. They present striking blue upper parts and black throats and flanks. 

Black-throated Blue Warblers are usually seen in big areas of hardwood forests or forests with a mix of hardwood and evergreen trees, with many bushes and small plants growing below the trees.

Their diet includes insects like moths and caterpillars, but they can also feed on seeds and berries. 

Their coloration and lovely, bubbling song distinguish them among the unique types of blue birds.

32. Varied Bunting

Blue Varied Bunting
Scientific Name:Passerina versicolor
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:4.5–5.1 in (11.5–13 cm)
Weight:0.3–0.5 oz (9–15 g)
Wingspan:8 in (20 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 10 years

The Varied Bunting is a bird that is highlighted by a colorful mix of purple, red, and blue on its male version. Females are mostly covered in tan. Both carry thick bills that curve slightly downwards. 

Varied Buntings are predominantly found in Mexico and the United States. They primarily consume seeds and insects and can be seen foraging in pairs among brushy vegetation. 

During early spring and summer, male Varied Buntings can be observed singing in perches. They are typically not shy and can be watched in close range.

33. Common House-Martin

Blue Common House Martin
Scientific Name:Delichon urbicum
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:5.1 in (13 cm)
Weight:0.6–0.7 oz (18–20 g)
Wingspan:10.6 in (27 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 3 years

The Common House-Martin has a glossy blue-black upper part and a pure white lower part. They are also famous for their brown eyes, small black bills, and pink legs and are widely spotted across Europe and Asia.

These birds are also called Western House-Martins or Northern House-Martins. In Europe, this species is just referred to as House Martins.

Common House-Martins feed primarily on flying insects, which makes them aid in insect population control. They can be seen foraging near bodies of water and fields.

They are also known for making closed cup-like nests from mud under the edges of roofs or similar spots on buildings, often nesting in groups.

34. Barn Swallow

Blue Barn Swallow
Scientific Name:Tachycineta cyaneoviridis
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:6.7–7.5 in (17–19 cm)
Weight:0.6–0.7 oz (18–20 g)
Wingspan:11–12.6 in (28–32 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 4 years

Recognized by its iridescent blue upper part and creamy underparts, the Barn Swallow is a familiar bird that is widely distributed across the globe, especially in rural areas. 

These swallows are commonly spotted flying gracefully low over fields. They seem to be comfortable living near humans, usually choosing to build their mud nests in places like barns or garages or under bridges or docks.

In terms of diet, they exclusively consume insects and can be seen grabbing them from above the ground or bodies of water.

Their elegant flight and sweet, twittering songs make them a delightful addition among the various birds that are blue.

35. Red-Legged Thrush

Blue Red Legged Thrush
Scientific Name:Turdus plumbeus
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:9.8 in (25 cm)
Weight:2.7–3.5 oz (78–100 g)
Wingspan:13.8 in (35 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 10 years

Next on the list is the Red-Legged Thrush, which has a bluish-gray color on top and a lighter grey hue on the bottom. 

They also have a white and black throat that looks striped. Additionally, the legs, beak, and area around their eyes are bright orange-red. 

These blue birds are widespread in the Caribbean area and reside in a variety of habitats, including gardens and dense forests.

They mostly feed on fruits, insects, and small invertebrates like worms and snails and can typically be found foraging alone or in pairs.

Their song usually sounds like a series of careful, whistled pairs of notes. They make different sounds like squeaks, short, low sounds, and a loud “tsee-up.”

36. Northern Parula

Blue Northern Parula
Scientific Name:Setophaga americana
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:4.3–4.7 in (11–12 cm)
Weight:0.2–0.4 oz (6–11 g)
Wingspan:6.3–7.1 in (16–18 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 5 years

The Northern Parula is a bird that is indigenous to the Americas. They display an exquisite blend of blues and yellows with an olive back. These small wood warblers sport thin, pointy bills and short tails.

Adult male Northern Parulas carry the bluish-gray with a yellow-green spot on their back and two white stripes on their wings. They have a chestnut-colored band that separates their bright yellow throat and chest.

Adult females are slightly lighter in color and usually don’t have the chest band that males do.

Northern Parulas mainly consume insects and small invertebrates and can be seen fluttering around tree branches to catch their prey. They are also known to have a sweet, ascending buzz and lively disposition.

37. Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay

Blue Woodhouses Scrub Jay
Scientific Name:Aphelocoma woodhouseii
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:10.5–11.5 in (27–29 cm)
Weight:3.5–4.5 oz (100–128 g)
Wingspan:2.8–3.2 oz (80–92 g)
Lifespan:Up to 9 years

As lanky songbirds with long, floppy tails and pointed bills, the Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay is spread across the Western United States. They sport a lively mix of blue, white, and gray plumage. 

Woodhouse’s Scrub-jays are bold, noisy, and curious birds. You’ll usually see them sitting high up in trees, on wires, or posts, acting like guards. 

They do not seem to be strong and quick when they fly, often flapping their wings in short bursts and then gliding smoothly.

These omnivorous birds’ diet depends on the season. During summer, they consume insects, as well as spiders and snails. When winter approaches, they mostly feed on acorns, seeds, nuts, and berries.

38. Purple Martin

Blue Purple Martin
Scientific Name:Progne subis
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:7.5–8.7 in (19–22 cm)
Weight:1.6–2.1 oz (45–60 g)
Wingspan:15.3–16.1 in (39–41 cm)
Lifespan:5–7 years

The Purple Martin is the largest North American swallow, growing to as much as 8.7 inches and with a wingspan reaching 16.1 inches.

Although, as their name suggests, they are primarily associated with the group of purple birds, They are also a part of this list due to their dark, glossy blue-purple plumage. 

Purple Martins fly fast, mixing flapping wings with smooth glides. They eat while flying, and they can catch big insects like dragonflies in the air. 

They usually eat and rest in groups, sometimes with different kinds of swallows. They often fly higher than other swallows, which makes them a bit hard to see.

These birds also mainly inhabit ponds and lakes. Their cheerful and melodic chatters, along with their acrobatic flight displays, add life to their natural community.

39. White-breasted Nuthatch

Blue White breasted Nuthatch
Scientific Name:Sitta carolinensis
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:5–5.5 in (13–14 cm)
Weight:0.6–1.1 oz (18–30 g)
Wingspan:8–11 in (20–27 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 10 years

A common sight in North America, the White-breasted Nuthatch features gray-blue backs and stark white faces and underparts. These small birds also have large heads, long, narrow bills, and short tails.

These blue birds are usually found in forests and mature woods. They may be seen along rivers, roads, and even suburban areas or parks.

White-breasted Nuthatches often creep along tree trunks and branches to forage for insects and seeds. They are also known for their unique climbing behavior and sharp calls. 

40. Cave Swallow

Blue Cave Swallow on the roof
Scientific Name:Petrochelidon fulva
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:4.7–5.9 in (12–15 cm)
Weight:0.7 oz (20 g)
Wingspan:11.8–13.4 in (30–34 cm)
Lifespan:Up to 4 years

The Cave Swallow is a compact bird that is native to the Americas. They sport shiny blue-black crowns and backs. The small features of these birds make their rounded wings and short, square tails more noticeable.

Cave Swallows earned their name because they typically nest in caves, but they can also be found under bridges and other man-made infrastructures.

They make nests using small pieces of mud and bat guano or droppings that they pick up with their beaks.

Their exact diet isn’t fully known, but they eat many different flying insects like beetles, flies, bugs, wasps, bees, winged ants, grasshoppers, lacewings, moths, and others.

41. Mangrove Swallow

Blue Mangrove Swallow
Scientific Name:Tachycineta albilinea
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Length:5 in (13 cm)
Weight:0.6 oz (18 g)
Wingspan:11.8 in (30 cm)

The Mangrove Swallow is a bird adorned with glossy blue-black upper parts and contrasting white lower parts. They primarily consume insects such as bees and dragonflies within their habitats in Central America.

These birds are often observed in small groups, usually near mangroves, lagoons, and rivers. They can even be seen mixed with other species of swallows.

During one of my trips to Central America, I had the chance to observe Mangrove Swallows. These captivating birds prefer habitats lined with mangrove trees, using them as nesting sites. 

As I watched, the Mangrove Swallows showcased their signature bluish-black upperparts and contrasting white underbelly, swooping down periodically to skim the water’s surface for insects.

Final Thoughts

Diving into the world of blue birds has been eye-opening, showing us the wide range and stunning beauty of these feathered wonders.

From their captivating colors to their unique habits, such as their feeding, mating, and vocalizations, every blue colored bird we talked about here highlights the amazing diversity of these birds.

Yet, with so many blue birds in different places, there’s always more to discover and explore, making it exciting for bird watchers of all kinds.

We invite you to share your thoughts, experiences, or any additional types of blue birds you’ve encountered — feel free to leave a comment below!

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